Web Controllers

Controllers

Controllers need to provide extensibility, much like Model, but can’t use the same mechanism as the pre-requisites (a database with loaded modules) may not be available yet (e.g. no database created, or no database selected).

Controllers thus provide their own extension mechanism, separate from that of models:

Controllers are created by inheriting from Controller. Routes are defined through methods decorated with route():

class MyController(odoo.http.Controller):
    @route('/some_url', auth='public')
    def handler(self):
        return stuff()

To override a controller, inherit from its class and override relevant methods, re-exposing them if necessary:

class Extension(MyController):
    @route()
    def handler(self):
        do_before()
        return super(Extension, self).handler()
  • decorating with route() is necessary to keep the method (and route) visible: if the method is redefined without decorating, it will be “unpublished”

  • the decorators of all methods are combined, if the overriding method’s decorator has no argument all previous ones will be kept, any provided argument will override previously defined ones e.g.:

    class Restrict(MyController):
        @route(auth='user')
        def handler(self):
            return super(Restrict, self).handler()
    

    will change /some_url from public authentication to user (requiring a log-in)

API

Routing

@odoo.http.route(route=None, **routing)[source]

Decorate a controller method in order to route incoming requests matching the given URL and options to the decorated method.

Warning

It is mandatory to re-decorate any method that is overridden in controller extensions but the arguments can be omitted. See Controller for more details.

Parameters
  • route (Union[str, Iterable[str]]) – The paths that the decorated method is serving. Incoming HTTP request paths matching this route will be routed to this decorated method. See werkzeug routing documentation for the format of route expressions.

  • type (str) – The type of request, either 'json' or 'http'. It describes where to find the request parameters and how to serialize the response.

  • auth (str) –

    The authentication method, one of the following:

    • 'user': The user must be authenticated and the current request will be executed using the rights of the user.

    • 'public': The user may or may not be authenticated. If he isn’t, the current request will be executed using the shared Public user.

    • 'none': The method is always active, even if there is no database. Mainly used by the framework and authentication modules. The request code will not have any facilities to access the current user.

  • methods (Iterable[str]) – A list of http methods (verbs) this route applies to. If not specified, all methods are allowed.

  • cors (str) – The Access-Control-Allow-Origin cors directive value.

  • csrf (bool) – Whether CSRF protection should be enabled for the route. Enabled by default for 'http'-type requests, disabled by default for 'json'-type requests.

Request

The request object is automatically set on odoo.http.request at the start of the request.

class odoo.http.Request(httprequest)[source]

Wrapper around the incoming HTTP request with deserialized request parameters, session utilities and request dispatching logic.

update_env(user=None, context=None, su=None)[source]

Update the environment of the current request.

Parameters
  • user (int or res.users record) – optional user/user id to change the current user

  • context (dict) – optional context dictionary to change the current context

  • su (bool) – optional boolean to change the superuser mode

update_context(**overrides)[source]

Override the environment context of the current request with the values of overrides. To replace the entire context, please use update_env() instead.

property geoip

Get the remote address geolocalisation.

When geolocalization is successful, the return value is a dictionary whose format is:

{‘city’: str, ‘country_code’: str, ‘country_name’: str,

‘latitude’: float, ‘longitude’: float, ‘region’: str, ‘time_zone’: str}

When geolocalization fails, an empty dict is returned.

csrf_token(time_limit=None)[source]

Generates and returns a CSRF token for the current session

Parameters

time_limit (Optional[int]) – the CSRF token should only be valid for the specified duration (in second), by default 48h, None for the token to be valid as long as the current user’s session is.

Returns

ASCII token string

Return type

str

validate_csrf(csrf)[source]

Is the given csrf token valid ?

Parameters

csrf (str) – The token to validate.

Returns

True when valid, False when not.

Return type

bool

default_lang()[source]

Returns default user language according to request specification

Returns

Preferred language if specified or ‘en_US’

Return type

str

get_http_params()[source]

Extract key=value pairs from the query string and the forms present in the body (both application/x-www-form-urlencoded and multipart/form-data).

Returns

The merged key-value pairs.

Return type

dict

make_response(data, headers=None, cookies=None, status=200)[source]

Helper for non-HTML responses, or HTML responses with custom response headers or cookies.

While handlers can just return the HTML markup of a page they want to send as a string if non-HTML data is returned they need to create a complete response object, or the returned data will not be correctly interpreted by the clients.

Parameters
  • data (str) – response body

  • status (int) – http status code

  • headers ([(name, value)]) – HTTP headers to set on the response

  • cookies (collections.abc.Mapping) – cookies to set on the client

Returns

a response object.

Return type

Response

make_json_response(data, headers=None, cookies=None, status=200)[source]

Helper for JSON responses, it json-serializes data and sets the Content-Type header accordingly if none is provided.

Parameters
  • data – the data that will be json-serialized into the response body

  • status (int) – http status code

  • headers (List[(str, str)]) – HTTP headers to set on the response

  • cookies (collections.abc.Mapping) – cookies to set on the client

Return type

Response

not_found(description=None)[source]

Shortcut for a HTTP 404 (Not Found) response

render(template, qcontext=None, lazy=True, **kw)[source]

Lazy render of a QWeb template.

The actual rendering of the given template will occur at then end of the dispatching. Meanwhile, the template and/or qcontext can be altered or even replaced by a static response.

Parameters
  • template (str) – template to render

  • qcontext (dict) – Rendering context to use

  • lazy (bool) – whether the template rendering should be deferred until the last possible moment

  • kw (dict) – forwarded to werkzeug’s Response object

class odoo.http.JsonRPCDispatcher(request)[source]
classmethod is_compatible_with(request)[source]

Determine if the current request is compatible with this dispatcher.

dispatch(endpoint, args)[source]

JSON-RPC 2 over HTTP.

Our implementation differs from the specification on two points:

  1. The method member of the JSON-RPC request payload is ignored as the HTTP path is already used to route the request to the controller.

  2. We only support parameter structures by-name, i.e. the params member of the JSON-RPC request payload MUST be a JSON Object and not a JSON Array.

In addition, it is possible to pass a context that replaces the session context via a special context argument that is removed prior to calling the endpoint.

Successful request:

--> {"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "call", "params": {"context": {}, "arg1": "val1" }, "id": null}

<-- {"jsonrpc": "2.0", "result": { "res1": "val1" }, "id": null}

Request producing a error:

--> {"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "call", "params": {"context": {}, "arg1": "val1" }, "id": null}

<-- {"jsonrpc": "2.0", "error": {"code": 1, "message": "End user error message.", "data": {"code": "codestring", "debug": "traceback" } }, "id": null}
handle_error(exc)[source]

Handle any exception that occurred while dispatching a request to a type='json' route. Also handle exceptions that occurred when no route matched the request path, that no fallback page could be delivered and that the request Content-Type was json.

Parameters

Exception (exc) – the exception that occurred.

Returns

an HTTP error response

Return type

Response

class odoo.http.HttpDispatcher(request)[source]
classmethod is_compatible_with(request)[source]

Determine if the current request is compatible with this dispatcher.

dispatch(endpoint, args)[source]

Perform http-related actions such as deserializing the request body and query-string and checking cors/csrf while dispatching a request to a type='http' route.

See load() method for the compatible endpoint return types.

handle_error(exc)[source]

Handle any exception that occurred while dispatching a request to a type='http' route. Also handle exceptions that occurred when no route matched the request path, when no fallback page could be delivered and that the request Content-Type was not json.

Parameters

exc (Exception) – the exception that occurred.

Returns

an HTTP error response

Return type

werkzeug.wrapper.Response

Response

class odoo.http.Response(*args, **kw)[source]

Outgoing HTTP response with body, status, headers and qweb support. In addition to the werkzeug.wrappers.Response parameters, this class’s constructor can take the following additional parameters for QWeb Lazy Rendering.

Parameters
  • template (str) – template to render

  • qcontext (dict) – Rendering context to use

  • uid (int) – User id to use for the ir.ui.view render call, None to use the request’s user (the default)

these attributes are available as parameters on the Response object and can be altered at any time before rendering

Also exposes all the attributes and methods of werkzeug.wrappers.Response.

classmethod load(result, fname='<function>')[source]

Convert the return value of an endpoint into a Response.

Parameters
Returns

The created Response.

Return type

Response

Raises

TypeError – When result type is none of the above- mentioned type.

render()[source]

Renders the Response’s template, returns the result.

flatten()[source]

Forces the rendering of the response’s template, sets the result as response body and unsets template

Sets a cookie. The parameters are the same as in the cookie Morsel object in the Python standard library but it accepts unicode data, too.

A warning is raised if the size of the cookie header exceeds max_cookie_size, but the header will still be set.

Parameters
  • key – the key (name) of the cookie to be set.

  • value – the value of the cookie.

  • max_age – should be a number of seconds, or None (default) if the cookie should last only as long as the client’s browser session.

  • expires – should be a datetime object or UNIX timestamp.

  • path – limits the cookie to a given path, per default it will span the whole domain.

  • domain – if you want to set a cross-domain cookie. For example, domain=".example.com" will set a cookie that is readable by the domain www.example.com, foo.example.com etc. Otherwise, a cookie will only be readable by the domain that set it.

  • secure – If True, the cookie will only be available via HTTPS

  • httponly – disallow JavaScript to access the cookie. This is an extension to the cookie standard and probably not supported by all browsers.

  • samesite – Limits the scope of the cookie such that it will only be attached to requests if those requests are “same-site”.